A Guide to Planting
Take care to plant your aquatic plants in the correct part of your pond. Water lilies grow in deeper water and send up leaves that float on the surface. Marginal plants grow in the shallow water around the sides of the pond, and bog plants like moist conditions at the pond edge. Each plant has the ‘planting depth’ (depth of water above pot) stated on the back of the pot label; as a quick reference the Zone diagram below shows the various water depths in zones and each plant pictured in this book has its growing zone stated on the label.
Marginal Pond Plants
To bring your pond to life – Zones 2 & 3
Marginal plants provide life and colour around the pond margins; low growing, rafting types have pretty flowers and fine roots ideal to hide baby fish and tadpoles; tall plants like irises should be planted at the far side of the pond where they will form striking clumps and be used by emerging dragonflies and other wildlife.
Planting marginals into baskets: Use a fine mesh basket and aquatic soil which contains fertiliser. Group together species that require the same planting depth (see pot labels). Plant firmly and top off with aquatic gravel.
Water Lilies & Deep Marginal Plants
To bring beauty to your pond – Zone 4
Water Lilies and deep marginals grow in the deeper part of the pond, but young lilies should be started in shallow water and lowered gradually over several weeks for best results. The pot label on each lily states optimum planting depth. Their lovely blossoms bring beauty to the pond and the floating pond and the floating leaves give shade and cover to fish and other aquatic life. Water lilies prefer still water – plant away from waterfalls or fountains. Plant water lilies and marginals to shade the water surface – cutting out sunlight in the water cuts down algae.
- Cut off leading shoot with good growth on the tip.
- Plant aquatic soil in a mesh container with fertiliser. Keep growing tip above soil.
- Top off with aquatic gravel and place in bottom of pond.
To breathe life into your pond – Zone 4
Oxygenating plants grow up from the bottom of the pond, their leaves giving off bubbles of oxygen helping the ecology of the pond; bunches can be thrown in to root in natural ponds but should be planted in containers in ponds without soil in the bottom.
Balance your pond with the right plants to minimise green water algae and blanket weed growth. Plant at least 10 bunches of oxygenating plants per square metre; these produce oxygen and absorb mineral salts otherwise used by algae.
To enhance pond life habitat – Zone 5
Floating plants are just floated on the water surface; their fine roots are used by spawning fish and provide habitat for aquatic insects.